Constituents of essential oils from the leaves and twigs of Zanthoxylum avicennae (Lamk.) DC. Growing in limestone forest, northern Viet Nam

Authors

  • Hanh Nguyen Phuong Institution Institute of Ecology and Biological Resources, VAST https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5789-682X
  • Thai Tran Huy
  • Hien Nguyen Thi Institute of Ecology and Biological Resources, Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology, 18 Hoang Quoc Viet, Cau Giay, Ha Noi, Viet Nam
  • Khang Nguyen Sinh 1Institute of Ecology and Biological Resources, Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology, 18 Hoang Quoc Viet, Cau Giay, Ha Noi, Viet Nam
  • Hung Nguyen Quang Institute of Ecology and Biological Resources, Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology, 18 Hoang Quoc Viet, Cau Giay, Ha Noi, Viet Nam
  • Ha Chu Thi Thu Institute of Ecology and Biological Resources, Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology, 18 Hoang Quoc Viet, Cau Giay, Ha Noi, Viet Nam
  • Thinh Nguyen Duc Institute of Ecology and Biological Resources, Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology, 18 Hoang Quoc Viet, Cau Giay, Ha Noi, Viet Nam
  • Thanh Bui Van Institute of Ecology and Biological Resources, Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology, 18 Hoang Quoc Viet, Cau Giay, Ha Noi, Viet Nam
  • Binh Nguyen Quoc Vietnam National Museum of Nature, Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology, 18 Hoang Quoc Viet, Cau Giay, Ha Noi, Viet Nam
  • Thuy Dinh Thi Thu Institute of Natural Products Chemistry, Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology, 18 Hoang Quoc Viet, Cau Giay, Ha Noi, Viet Nam
  • Lanh Dao Thi Thu Management Board of Special – Use and Protection Forests of Ha Noi, Viet Nam
  • Chung Do Quang Thainguyen University of Agriculture and Forestry, Thai Nguyen, Viet Nam

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.15625/2525-2518/15417

Keywords:

Z. avicennae, essential oil, monoterpenes, sesquiterpenes, limestone forest

Abstract

Zanthoxylum avicennae (Lam.) DC. is a medicinal and aromatic plant, belong to the Zanthoxylum genus. The plant is found in some Asian contries, including Viet Nam. The various parts of this plant has been used to medicine and contain essential oils. In this study, the essential oil of Z. avicennae was isolated. Two essential oils from the leaves and twigs of Zanthoxylum avicennae (Lamk.) DC. collected from a limestone forest in Northern part of Vietnam were separately obtained by hydrodistillation and analyzed by GC-MS. A total of 42 and 53 compounds were identified in the leaf and twig oil, respectively. Mono- and sesquiterpenes were found to be the main chemical classes in both oils. Major constituents of the leaf oil were β-caryophyllene (18.71 %), α-humulene (14.03 %), α-terpinene (10.65 %), γ-terpinene (10.64 %), and linalool (9.42 %). Major constituents of the twig oil were linalool (18.3 %), β-phellandrene (8.82 %), α-terpinene (7.85 %), o-cymene (7.79 %), γ-terpinene (7.99 %), and (E)-β-ocimene (6.62 %). In the leaf oil the total amounts of mono- and sesquiterpenes were nearly equal (49.15 % and 44.27 %, respectively), while the twig oil was dominated by monoterpenes (76.66 % and 2.65 %, respectively). Previous literature data on essential oils obtained from this plant species were reviewed and discussed.

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Author Biography

Hanh Nguyen Phuong, Institution Institute of Ecology and Biological Resources, VAST

Department of Plants Resources/Senior researcher 

- Research on plant: essential oil plants, medicinal plant resources, biological activity compounds,...; ethnobatany: indigenuos knowledge in used medicinal plants by ethnic
minorities; Biodiversity and Conservation

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Published

2022-08-31

How to Cite

[1]
H. Nguyen Phuong, “Constituents of essential oils from the leaves and twigs of Zanthoxylum avicennae (Lamk.) DC. Growing in limestone forest, northern Viet Nam”, Vietnam J. Sci. Technol., vol. 60, no. 4, pp. 614–624, Aug. 2022.

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Section

Natural Products